Browsing: Management

Introduction. IThe concept of leadership is extremely complex and very often, there is a confusion between leadership and management. Although people are using these words interchangeably, they play very different, but still essential, roles.

Aim of the study. This paper aims to present a case study regarding an implementation project in banking back-office activities, in order to prove the importance of managing correct the back-office resources, but in the same time the need for a vision that would lead the people toward the scope of a project. The paper describes the existence of a relationship between leadership and operational excellence, also.

Keywords: back office, productivity, leadership, management, operational improvements
JEL Classification: J24

Introduction. IT&C companies need to adapt themselves to an environment featuring a high level of competition. Innovation stays as the main vector of the domain, while the renewal rate of new technologies grows in speed (there are cases where new technologies emerge and replace the older ones in months). With this series of research we aim to analyse several local or global companies within the IT&C field, as well as the importance of leadership for their development.

Aim of the study. This first article will focus on leadership within a company called Research In Motion – RIM (currently named BlackBerry) and on the main problems that have arisen within the company after the organisation was left without support from the leaders that created its worldwide brand.
Keywords: information technology, productivity, leadership, management, operational improvements
JEL Classification: J24

Introduction. Society nowadays, with its rapid changes and unforeseen challenges, needs a(n) (inter)cultural approach. Ethnocentrism, stereotypes, and discrimination have become huge obstacles in a world shaped by technology, communication and social mobility. The world has the aspect of a ‘collage’ in which cultures are juxtaposed, being partially adapted to one another, and still unprepared for a profound dialogue. Multiculturalism presents, interprets and re-evaluates the social experience of diversity and difference.

Aim of the study. This paper will analyse the reception of the Human Body exhibition of 2013 in Romania, from a managerial point of view. The research is based on the exhibition visitors’ book, to which a content analysis was applied. The main aim of the paper is to investigate how the ‘Grigore Antipa’ Museum (Romania) constructed the cultural context in which the scientific arguments prevailed over the religious ones, turning the exhibition of plastinated human bodies into an accepted public event, with a strong emphasis on education and science (medicine). At the same time, ethical concerns and religious criticism were downplayed by maintaining the focus on the ‘education for health’ frame.
Keywords: plastination, management, museum, visitors’ book, The Human Body exhibition, Romania

Introduction. Most of the ones that lead private economic agents permanently look at competition with concern. They know that it is everywhere and there is no way to avoid it. They also know that if they want to survive they have to cope with it, and if they want to perform they need to dominate it. Also, they understand that the advantages mix that make an economic agent competitive is hard or impossible to replicate. The solution seems to be the identification of their own available competitive advantages, as well as a song made up of musical notes and the correct interpretation of this “song”.

Aim of the study. This paper brings into attention a less studies topic: the analysis and intelligence production specificity – as competitive intelligence process stage – given that the beneficiary is practicing classic management or leadership. The contextualization of the issue imposed us to separate the two concepts from the current debates perspective regarding the relationship between management and leadership. We did this in respect of the competition and competitiveness. Although that report is not clearly and definitively established, we tried to identify the main characteristics and essential differences in the approach of the actionable information needs. The obtained results were correlated with the competitive intelligence cycle stages, in order to identify the approach similarities and differences for each stage. Subsequently, we suggested models of possible approaches in the information analysis and intelligence production activity in order for the resulted informational product to fulfil their role as decision support in competitiveness augmenting.
Keywords: competitive intelligence, competitiveness, management, leadership, intelligence analysis
JEL Classification: L25

Introduction. Currently, management and leadership are considered processes of influencing activities at a managerial and organizational level. Management implies the existence of individuals or groups of individuals who develop managerial activities. Leadership is a managerial process that aims to influence interpersonal relationships between team members due to the application of management functions.

Aim of the study. This paper aims to highlight some relevant features that define the concepts of management and leadership in a contemporary context. The main objectives of the study are: 1). presenting the main concepts of management and leadership; 2). analysing the role of leaders and managers in an organization; 3). highlighting main forms of manifestations of management performance; 4).presenting main influences of public management and leadership in the management of public organization. Leadership is not only a specific part of management, but also a state of mind, which creates an adequate framework for the manifestation of creativity and performance of a team led by a good leader in order for its members to succeed professionally and to achieve performance at an organizational level.
Keywords: management, leadership, managerial performance, motivation, competitiveness
JEL Classification: M31

Introduction. In time, management proved to be determinant for progress, including for the higher education institutions from Romania. The management in higher education institutions is grounded by the principles that govern education, among which the academic autonomy, a principle newly introduced in post-1989 Romanian legislation that gives to the academic institutions the right to manage their own human and material resources, to establish their mission and their own institutional strategy.
The manager of the academic institution is the chancellor, his responsibilities being specified both in the Law of National Education no. 1/2011 and the internal juridical documents of the higher education institutions, such as the Academic Charta.

Aim of the study. This paper aims to highlight that thechancellor carries out the management of the institution, apart from the didactic and scientific research activity, in accordance with the prerogatives conferred by the law, using his abilities of a leader in the process of academic managing.
Keywords: management, higher education institutions, academic autonomy, Romania, leadership, legislation.

Introduction. Comparative management studies (parochial, ethnocentric, polycentric comparative, geocentric) allow us to define the scope of investigation starting from specific cultures, the similarities and differences between various cultures, from investigating multinational corporations, thus establishing the meaning of the evolution of management in the globalization era.

Aim of the study. Through this analysis we intend to briefly present some of the common elements of management in each country and, at the same time, to point out some of the notable differences. Within our analysis, we consider some peculiarities of the specific management models of enterprises in the United States, Germany, Great Britain, France and Spain. In this regard, we shall use, inter alia, Geert Hofstede’s model regarding the cultural dimensions in management (individualism / collectivism, certainty / uncertainty, masculinity / femininity, high power distance / low power distance).
Keywords: management, result, effect, individual, global, managerial culture

Introduction. The knowledge economy model is marked by investment in research, development, innovation and human capital which is the key drivers of modern economy for increasing returns. The allocation of resources in human capital brings performance and benefits to companies investing in their employees. Moreover, in present, once with the globalization and economic crisis, the world economy is crossing through powerful changes and challenges.

Aim of the study. The paper aims to highlight the role of human capital in the new organizational management strategies focused on achieving a high level of competitiveness, innovation and development through management and leadership strategies.
Keywords: human capital, management, development, competitiveness, investment, organization
JEL Classification: J24, O15

Introduction. Nowadays, leadership as a managerialand and organizational process influences the activity at the organizational level. Obtaining performance at the organizational level is also influenced by the way in which the most participative leadership style is applied in order to create a close cooperation between leaders and subordinates.

Aim of the study. The main objectives of the study are: 1). explaining the role of the organization as a complex system in a contemporary context; 2). presenting the importance of applying effective leadership in economic organizations; 3). presenting new trends of today’s leadership. That leader who is applying effective strategies, adequate for a participative leadership can get the expected results. He/she has to mobilize his/her team to work towards achieving the goals established. Successful leaders are those who “feel” their team and who are emotionally involved in activities because emotions are the ”source of success”.
Keywords: leadership,emotional intelligence, economic organizations, management, efficient leaders
JEL Classification: M31

Introduction. Management has become a subject of major interest in different domains such as political science, history, psychology, sociology or business for centuries and led to numerous researches. As a concept, science, discipline, philosophy and practice, management aims at achieving both efficiency and effectiveness. To survive and prosper in today’s highly competitive business world companies need to be managed in a creative way.

Aim of the study. The aims of the paper are to define the concepts of management and creativity, and to present the case of Honda, one of the most innovative companies around the world. The research is based on a case study.
Keywords: management, creativity, company, Honda
JEL Classification: M1