Browsing: 2015, Vol. 22, Issue 2, December

Introduction. The concept of resilience has represented during the recent years a leading concern both in Romania, within the European Union and worldwide. Specialists in economics, management, finance, legal sciences, political sciences, sociology, psychology, grant a particular interest to this concept. Multidisciplinary research of resilience has materialized throughout the time in multiple conceptualizations and theorizing, but without being a consensus between specialists in terms of content, specificity and scope.

Aim of the study. This paper aims to highlight a few mThrough this paper it is intended to clarify the concept of resilience, achieving an exploration of the evolution of this concept in ecological, social and economic environment. At the same time, the paper presents aspects of feedback mechanisms and proposes a formalization of resilience using the logic and mathematical analysis.
Keywords: resilience, systems, feedback, inverse connection, adaptive capacity, fragility, antifragilitaty, robustness
JEL Classification: A10, O17, P00

Introduction. The Single Euro Payments Area is a payment-integration project of the European Union. SEPA is aiming to create an integrated euro payments market and to harmonize the national and crossborder euro payment systems, making cross-border transactions as simple and cheap as national ones. The SEPA regulations is aiming to increase harmonization, through using of common payments formats and computer languages.

Aim of the study. The goal of using a common standard in the industry in order to facilitate interoperability among systems and infrastructures, will be more and more important. In this view, standardizing messages across institutions and companies has never been more important. The ISO 20022 provides interoperability and consistency to a highly complex industry, thereby reducing the risk of errors and speeding up processes.
Keywords: SEPA, payments, ISO 20022, infrastructure, interoperability.

Introduction. Many objective or subjective factors influence the decision to open a business. The most important factors are: the existence of an adequate opportunity or a market, perception that starting a business could be difficult because of bureaucracy, financial barriers or the need to acquire new skills, a lack of money, etc. Also, entrepreneurial behavior is generally influenced by socio-economic status of the family of origin [1]. Thus, children from wealthy families have the “competitive advantage” to receive an education appropriate for managing a business and of course have the necessary financial resources and its start [2]. However, abilities of every individual can “correct’’ these benefits are completely eliminated/reduced exogenous barriers [3].

Aim of the study. In this article I will present the results of a pilot study conducted in 2014 at Bucharest employees to observe their entrepreneurial behavior.
Keywords: employee, entrepreneurial behavior, risk taking, stability.

Introduction. In public institution the development of the concept of intellectual capital (understand simultaneously as human, structural and relational capital) mean the rise of the organisation`s competitiveness and the beget of structural capital (potential subsequently invested to achieve knowledge), respective the power building-up in efficient action – meaning the consolidation and development of success obtained in competition. The term of intellectual capital add up a sum of values, knowledges, abilities and habitudes of the employees, and also those cumulated on organisational level within what we call organisational culture, the final goal of its evolution being to obtain the optimal managerial efficiency. 

Aim of the study. This paper aims to highlight that the adequate exploitation of intellectual capital, obtained through the adequate exploitation of intellectual potential, of the individual and collective capabilities, capacities and performances ale the human potential mean to rich the maximum efficiency of institution. Repetitively application of an adequate management of individual career – materialized through a superior management of intellectual capital – will represent, in the end, an intelligent, creative and performant management of institutions/organisations.

Keywords: Labour training, firm employment decision, promotion, general personnel economics, intellectual capital, system improvement, synergy, manager training, continue formation knowledge management, human capital, occupational choice skills, professional labour markets, occupational licensing.
JEL Classification: M50, M51, M53, M54, J24, J44

Introduction. The issue of corporate governance has become increasingly important as globalisation has begun to accelerate and the economic and financial turmoil have intensified. Post-crisis context has imposed the need to expand the prospects for analysis over governance and companies, as well as the need to identify new ways of administration and resource management.

Aim of the study. From this perspective, the author aims to highlight the conditions, factors and events that have generated profound changes within the business environment, while the analysis is focusing on contemporary changes in the systems of corporate governance and economic mutations, especially in terms of the companies. The establishment of new governance rules is demanding a theoretical approach based on new methodological requirements which are needed to reform theoretical foundations and to promote creative and effective shapes and governance systems.
Keywords: shareholder governance, governance failures, institutional investors, financialization.

Introduction. The making of footwear, one of the most ancient crafts, has a long history. The manufacturing of shoes represented a handicraft activity until the mid-nineteen century. In the late 1800s and the beginning of the 1900s, the footwear industry adopted the factory system and became increasingly mechanized. One of the most important footwear companies has been the Bata Company. Its economic success was based on the well-known Bata Management System that constituted the subject of a wide range of discussions and debates in the business literature.

Aim of the study. The aim of our paper is to render in brief the BMS. The methodological approach is literature review. Our paper has shown that BMS represents an effective and efficient management system that includes solid business principles.
Keywords: Bata, management system, footwear industry, company, business
JEL Classification: M1

Introduction. We believe that through this work we were able to bring into discussion only a part of the specific issues related to credit risk management scoring systems and we believe that this work represents a support for future research.

Aim of the study. This paper is a detailed overview from theoretical and practical perspectives of a scoring system used by a financial institution in assessing the credit risk of a corporate client. The objective of this research was to demonstrate the importance of a scoring system for a credit institution when approving a loan application of a potential borrower. The complexity and importance of the topic makes it a subject of high interest for all type of credit institutions.
Keywords: credit risk, scoring, multidimensional model, database, application, corporate clients.
JEL Classification: G2

Introduction.The decisive support of sport in the Czech Republic is achieved from public financial means through municipal budgets. According to studies and statistic data, 4/5 of the total support is provided by municipalities and 1/5 is represented by direct expenses from the state budget, which is primarily aimed on the support of professional sport and national representation. Municipal financial means aim on the broader support of all sport activities of their citizens, including their active recreation.

Aim of the study. The case study proposes a new approach to restructuring of sport financing for a municipality with 24 thousand inhabitants. The methodical approach is based on the analysis of financial flows of institutional and non-institutional sport support, analysis of municipal budget, analysis of current sport infrastructure and current grant policy. By using comparative methods with other cities in the Czech Republic, it was discovered that Litoměřice has above average percentage share for the operating financing of sport (2.9 – 11.3 % of the municipal spending), high ratio of institutional subsidies (72 – 97%) and low but increasing share of non-institutional sport support (3 – 28%). Based on the analysis, there is no need to increase financial means for sport, which could have negative budget impacts in the future. Instead, the proposal focuses on rebalancing the institutional support in favour of demand driven non-institutional support – in particular the use of grant policy with the help of program financing.
Keywords: institutional support, budgetary implications, municipal sport, grants, municipalities.
JEL Classification: D61, D62, H71, H75, I38.

Introduction. The knowledge about methods and techniques of quality management together with their effective use can be definitely regarded as an indication of high organisational culture. Using such methods and techniques in an effective way can be attributed to certain level of maturity, as far as the quality management system in an organisation is concerned.

Aim of the study. There is in the paper an analysis of problem-solving methods and techniques of quality management in the automotive sector in Poland. The survey was given to the general population, which in case of the study consisted of companies operating in Poland that had certified quality management systems against ISO/TS 16949. The results of the conducted survey and the conclusions of the author can show actual and potential OEM suppliers (both 1st and 2nd tier) in which direction their strategies for development and improvement of quality management systems should go in order to be effective. When the universal character of methods and techniques used in the surveyed population of companies is taken into consideration, it can be assumed that the results of the survey are also universal for all organisations realising the TQM strategy. The results of the research confirmed that methods which are also the basis for creating key system documents are the most relevant ones, i.e. flowcharts and FMEA, and moreover process monitoring tools (SPC) and problem solving methods -above all 8D.
Keywords: quality management, quality techniques, automotive industry, FMEA, SPC, 8D, problem solving, quality methods

Introduction. Bioeconomy is currently an area of great and mighty power development. High complexity of this field is to combine the use of technologies that use biological resources in the range of human values involved.

Aim of the study. This study requires that objective SWOT analysis applied in dental esthetics with strict reference to the quality of work in relation to aesthetic and functional effectiveness of the treatment, the life, the method of reconstruction, working technique, the degree of invasiveness of treatment in relation to conservation dental tissues ,execution costs, costs of resources used in dental anterior segment reconstruction and economic analysis of the modalities of treatment techniques reported the need and level of understanding of patients on treatment aesthetic-functional complexity.
Keywords: bio-economy, aesthetic and functional dental tissue, cosmetic dentistry, minimally invasive.