Browsing: 2019, Vol. 30, Issue 2, December

Introduction. This paper highlights the effects of population aging; it has a negative impact on economy in general but also on the regional economic development in particular. As it happened in most European countries, Romania has been experiencing economic and social effects expressing the multiple aspects and various elements of a population in a continuous downward aging trend. Aging was more visible starting with 2000, year in which the elder population has exceeded young population; it is a growing phenomenon, as, according to statistics, the share of the elder population (aged over 65) has exceeded the share of young population (between 0 and 14 years). The diminished fertility rate and mortality rate are the determining factors which have accentuated population aging.

Aim of the study. The most important elements which contribute to a diminished fertility rate in modern society are culture, religion, demographic policy as well as other elements, more specific. A significant effect of the diminished fertility rate is the progressive reduction of capable future generations fit to enter the labour market, in order to increase the contributions to social health and insurance budgets which are necessary for payments for pensioners. It is important to acknowledge that goods which will bring added value in the economy cannot be created without human effort so as to improve the quality of life; otherwise, the diminished number of young people able to work leads inevitably to a lowered long-term development capacity.
Keywords: demographic, population aging, young population
JEL classification: H55, H61, J10, O15

Introduction. Two university events took place in spring and autumn 2019, having the following themes: Sustainable Education & Development in EU28 and Entrepreneurial Student Societies in Romania of the Creative Students. The objectives of the two events were the formation of the student leadership and entrepreneurial skills. Partner in the organization of these two events was a Romanian training & consultancy company which held two workshops whose themes were: transformational leadership and business simulation. In the former event, there was a team decision-making exercise which lay the stress on the leader’s role. The participant students were also administered a career questionnaire. In the latter event, there was a strategy building case-study and company coordination for a whole year. A focus group was also achieved, dealing with how the digital organization and the leader of the future look like. The main issues were certain concepts regarding the difference between a manager and a leader, the roles of the leader, the methods of the team decision-making, the leader’s necessary skills for building of a digital organization.

Aim of the study. The paper describes the results of the two workshops, each event involving about seventy students from more than ten university centers from Romania, as well as students from abroad – Europe and Africa. The research methodology was based on both quantitative and qualitative methods. The romanian academic environment is ready to develop talents in the entrepreneurship and leadership field. Millennials represent a major change in the employment market, and their vision about digital organization and the leader of the future helps companies to adapt their organizational culture to the new managerial profile.
Keywords: university events, leadership skills, entrepreneurial skills, digital organization, leader of the future
JEL Classification: L22, M14, M53

Introduction. Volunteering is one of the ways to optimize social cohesion, sustainable integration into the labor market, through the creation of the necessary framework for acquiring specific skills and competencies. It will prepare the citizens to face and adapt smoothly to the dynamic changes from the socio-economic environment. The European Union sustain the volunteers by promoting cross-border volunteering and their mobility, in order to develop a European identity, intercultural learning and creativity, by using efficient and effective the limited resources.

Aim of the study. The aim of the paper is to briefly analyze the ways in which volunteering, education and innovation contribute to achieve the European Union objective related to the employment rate. The authors achieved the objective of the paper by using a quantitative method. In the last decades, in Europe, the demand for highly skilled jobs has increased, also directly proportional the employment rate for the people with a high degree of education, endowed with the necessary abilities and competencies for the knowledge society. The paper highlights that volunteering represents an opportunity to gain new competencies and skills, by enabling the transformation of this knowledge into economic and social innovation which leads to productivity and creation of highly qualified jobs.
Keywords: volunteering, employment rate, innovation, education
JEL Classification: O35, A13, J21

Introduction. Rarely in the course of world history has the pace of socio-economic and political transformation been so fast as in the case of Singapore since the mid-1960s. In spite of its lack of natural resources, the tiny Asian state achieved an impressive economic development and a high living standard in a short period of time. The successful story of Singapore shows clearly why the Asian city-state needed to be smart in the sense of being strategically oriented towards building a welfare society with a pronounced technological footprint. Visionary and strong political leadership, economic pragmatism, developmental policies, technological sophistication, and exceptional living conditions are among the key features of Singapore.

Aim of the study. The aims of the paper are to present the concept of smart state and briefly analyse its implementation in Singapore. The methodological approach is based on a quantitative method and a case study. The paper shows that the appearance and development of smart state can be considered as the outcome of the spread of the knowledge society worldwide. Also, it briefly analyses the case of Singapore, a smart Asian state, and identifies some of his main features.
Keywords: smart state, Singapore, knowledge, economic development, government.
JEL Classification: F00, O1, O53footprint. Visionary and strong political leadership, economic pragmatism, developmental policies, technological sophistication, and exceptional living conditions are among the key features of Singapore. The aims of the paper are to present the concept of smart state and briefly analyse its implementation in Singapore. The methodological approach is based on a quantitative method and a case study. The paper shows that the appearance and development of smart state can be considered as the outcome of the spread of the knowledge
society worldwide. Also, it briefly analyses the case of Singapore, a smart Asian state, and identifies some of his main features.

Introduction. In a constantly changing and evolving market worldwide, each organization seeks to shape and develop appropriate leadership, so that it responds to all the demands arising in the organization’s internal and external environment. Organizational culture imposes itself as the best way for operating in a successful manner. The members of the organization must develop a belief shared by the same values, attitudes, habits and written or unwritten rules that directly influence their activity. Culture needs to evolve in order for the organization to remain relevant in a changing environment. In this sense, changing the organizational culture is not an easy process, as the members of the organization are often reluctant to new things, having a behavior that implies weaker results.

Aim of the study. This paper aims to highlight a few models of organizational culture, approaches, features, characteristics and implementation strategies. At the same time, the paper offers a brief review of the empirical research of the terms published in the specialized literature, including various conceptual frameworks such as: “corporate culture”, “workplace culture”, “business culture”, but also an analysis of the organizational culture that is permanently created and modified so as to ensure the continuity and efficiency of the organization.
Keywords: organizational culture, corporate culture, workplace culture, business culture, models of organizational culture
JEL Classification: M10, M14, L21

Introduction. The paper approaches in a correlative vision the issues of entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship, as vectors of the development of organizations in the contemporary economy. Relevant aspects regarding the entrepreneurial phenomenon and respectively the intrapreneurial phenomenon are presented, highlighting similarities, major differences, as well as areas of interference between them. The scientific approach continues with the exposition of important elements regarding the entrepreneur and the intrapreneur, as main actors of the entrepreneurial and intrapreneurial phenomena.

Aim of the study. Through the approached themes, the paper highlights aspects found in all types of organizations operating in the current business environment, considering that entrepreneurship is mainly linked to micro-enterprises and small companies, while intrapreneurship is manifested mostly in medium- and large-sized organizations.
Keywords: organization, entrepreneurship, intrapreneurship, entrepreneur, intrapreneur
JEL Classification: L26, M10, M21, O10.

Introduction. Companies experiment with technologies, while managing to better understand their internal configuration. The firms will be able to adapt their organisational structure and will be able to gain competitive advantages at the expense of other non-innovative companies from the market. Companies learn dynamically about new technologies and those who learn better are rewarded by the market by some rents and for those who don’t learn, the market penalizes them by rising costs or even bankruptcy. From this innovation behavior, some companies are able to adapt, improve their products, have better technologies than their competitors and introduce new knowledge management systems. The research methodology is based on a quantitative method.

Aim of the study. The aim of this article is to study the innovation process as being generated by the evolutionary process and knowledge management within the company. Innovation and knowledge systems are an important source of competitiveness. Innovative companies gather more data, process them better and identify better the technological opportunities that they discover within a shorter time, being thus confronted with a lower level of uncertainty. At the same time, they will be able to accumulate a greater stock of knowledge about the respective technologies.
Keywords: innovation behavior, organisational innovation, product innovation, EU-13 firms, Romanian firms.
JEL Classification: D22, L21, O14

Introduction. The sustainable management in the field of the transport is particularly important because this sector is one of the main producers of the greenhouse gases, together with the sector of buildings and the industry. The purpose of this research is to illustrate the evolution and the positive and negative impact that sustainable transports have on the national economies in Romania, in the European Union and worldwide. Given the importance they have in different regions of the world the purpose of the research is determined by the fact that national policies, both at European Union level and at global level, must include aspects related to the green economy, both by encouraging private economic entities, as well as by a stronger state involvement, by a more efficient management.

Aim of the study. The quantitative and especially the qualitative methods aim to highlight the importance of sustainable transport for a green economy. The sustainable management it is very important, especially nowadays, when progress allow to change the vision and the economic behavior in order to increase the economic efficiency.
Keywords: sustainable management, green transport, transport demand, combined transport, avoiding transportation, green infrastructure.
JEL Classification: A13, D18, D62, E61, F69, G18, H53, I15, L62, L71, L91, L92, O18, R41, R42

Introduction. In the speciality literature, a number of studies have been written and are still written today, which show the necessity of redefining the notion of manager regarding the elements that define the leader within the organization. Over time, a series of analyzes have been put in place to determine whether a person has a leadership role following a development process or whether leadership skills are skills with which a person is born with. The concept of an efficient manager should not be confused with the concept of leader because in the case of the first concept, the attribute used to achieve the results remains the authority with which the manager is established, an attribute that the leader does not have. Leaders builds morale and improves satisfaction, by building and developing in employee’s confidence and by creating a warm and positive environment. We can observe without a doubt that successful organizations need leaders at all levels.

Aim of the study. The paper describes the concept of leadership and its influence on franchise organisations perfomance.Fun Science Romania, an international entertainment and education franchise initiated in Romania since 2005, understood the significant role of leadership especially during the financial crises of 2008. Finding the best leaders according the specific of the activity and the specific of the organization is a real challenge.
Keywords: leadership, manager, organization, leader,communicate, franchise, financial crises.

Introduction. Can leadership skills raise a major science event for the community? What are the qualities needed to develop such an event that aims to become a tradition in a unfriendly society as the romanian society? Financial skills, credibility and communication are just a few of the leadership issues identified as important in successfully implementing a major scientific event.

Aim of the study. The paper describe leadership qualities identified as important by stakeholders of a major science event. This study is based on findings from seven years of practice in science events area. SCIKIDS Science Festival, is the largest youth science festival in Romania, celebrating 7 editions. The inaugural event was held on October 2013. In 2019 SCIKIDS Science Festival celebrated seven edition accumulating over 50.000 visitors.
Keywords: leadership, organization, leader,communicate, science event.