Browsing: 2018, Vol. 27, Issue 1, May
Introduction. The advances of knowledge and science are immense, and the development based on them follows a galloping trend, even aggressive and precipitous, as a breakage of clouds. However, from the point of view of the security of systems, processes, society, economy and life, the world does not follow a straightforward, good, safe and precise direction, but a very complicated one in which the predictable, desired and calculated with rigor and precision effects are largely faded and even canceled by those that are chaotic and unpredictable.
Aim of the study. The strategic balance of mankind is a precarious one, based rather on balancing the threat than controlling it and its vulnerabilities. Of course, responsible people are aware of this dangerous trend and do their best to control it. But the chances of success in this increasingly uneven and increasingly vulnerable environment are, in turn, more and more controversial. And yet, such chances still exist.
Keywords: migration, development, war, security, sustainability
JEL Classification: Q01, O15, F220, F52, H56
Introduction. The level of interest in entrepreneurship among policy makers, researchers, academics and businessmen has significantly raised in the last decades. During its evolution, the concept of entrepreneurship has been embedded in many various schools of thought on entrepreneurship. As entrepreneurship is interdisciplinary, it puts together knowledge and combines concepts from different fields of study and schools of thought.
Aim of the study. The aims of the paper are to briefly define the concept of school of thought and to exemplify its use in the field of entrepreneurship. The paper is based on a quantitative research method. It shows that the existence of the schools of thought on entrepreneurship proved to be beneficial for the development of entrepreneurship.
Keywords: schools of thought on entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship, macro view, micro view
JEL Classification: L26
Introduction. The level and quality of employment are important parameters for the current society, as the labour force is the main driver for developing any modern economy. In the Strategy “Europe 2020”, the European Union set as goal for the time-horizon 2020 to achieve an employment level of 75% for the European population with ages between 20-64 years. Romania has as objective in the field of employment to achieve a level of 70% by 2020 for the same population segment. Even though Romania is faced currently with the severe issues of unemployment (the unemployment rate for the year 2016 at national level was of 5.9% as compared with the European average of 8.6% according to Eurostat), the activity rate and the employment rate of the working-age population recorded by our country continues to be among the lowest in Europe and at almost 4 percentage points difference against the national goal established for attaining the goals of the Europe 2020 Strategy.
Aim of the study. The paper intends a systematic but not comprehensive approach of some consequences of the world crisis, about some main indicators of the labour market at national level, by highlighting the main characteristics of this market: developments, structures, particularities, etc.
Keywords: employment, unemployment, demand, labour force supply
JEL Classification: E24, J21, J23, J42, J82
Introduction. The basis of the success of the private environment and of the organizations that make up it is the organizational behavior. This is the main responsible for the failure or the success of a company or organization. In organizational behavior, the assumed values, the resources involved, the staff, the leadership, but also the external elements, but with which a direct or indirect connection is created, are still involved. The sustainability of a company or organization is given by some elements that differentiate it from the competition, the image of the waters it created on the market, but also from a reputable assumption of what it has done or is about to do in the private environment.
Aim of the study. We will not be able to talk about companies having a successful organization without knowing the results and how it has achieved. Even if the strategies and actions are left in the shadow and known only internally, ensuring only that transparency of things that will be known does not mean that those strategies and actions did not exist. Within a successful company, at their core will be some defining components and elements applied consciously, responsibly, assumed and based on sound knowledge. A proposal to achieve sustainability over time within the organization will be described throughout the paper.
Keywords: organization, sustainability, vision, dimensions of sustainability, competitive differentiation
JEL Classification: L1, L2, M1
Introduction. Public sector reform aim to increase its performance, efficiency and efficacy by means of the qualitative improvement of the services supplied by the public sector in view of maximizing the citizens’ individual wellbeing, by increasing the degree of democratization and public participation in the administrative and political decision making, through the creation of a framework of delegation/distribution of responsibilities which allow it and which facilitate the emergence of another level of accountability of those who hold and administer power in the public sector before the beneficiaries of this process (citizens, consumers, taxpayers).
Aim of the study. Public administration must consolidate the capacity to improve results and to change its vision, as well as its working manner. The critical analysis and the learning process after obtaining results and the impact at the level of service supply, meant to promote change and the improvement of public administration and management represent the engine of change. Public administration reform presupposes not only a change at the technical level, but especially a modification of the administrative culture consisting of a change at the level of behaviours, attitudes and relations. Also, an important role is played by organizational culture, which must be developed as a modality of stimulating constructive ideas and team work.
Keywords: public administration, quality indicators, public service
Introduction. The Romanian labor market for students is a variable with many unknowns for them: from the process by which they can easily find a job, the job offers for them, the financial and non-financial offer, the motivation, the conditions work requirements, work requirements and resposibilities. The first job experience can often dictate the evolution or professional involution of young people, their success or failure on the labor market, their personal and professional development. This is because of the skills that are being developed through the first job, their opinions about the labor market – their opinion about the private environment, the private organizations, their role within this dimension and the value that I think can offer it or not in a professional setting.
Aim of the study. It is important to look at the image of the labor market for young people and their private organizations in order to find out what changes they should take in adapting to the capabilities of the target group. Students’ Perspectives on Private Organizations Who Experience First Labor Market Experience are of particular importance for at least 3 reasons: On the basis of this, organizations can adapt their working conditions and requirements to meet their needs and attract young people with good training innovation and intuition, a higher degree of satisfaction among young people at first professional experience would increase the chances of their accumulation and avoid frequent job shifts, a greater experience of young people within a single organization can provide more return, , dedication, creativity and the desire to succeed within that organization.
Keywords: labor market, young people, students, private organizations, youth perspective
JEL Classification: I2, L2, A3
Introduction. Quality in healthcare means doing what is right for the right people exactely at the right time and doing it always in a friendly and highly professional mannar. Whenever unfavorable experience has been detected –meaning a gap between expected and actual performance – a set of key questions must be answered: where, when, and why problems occurred. Once the questions answered, changes must be made. Improvement projects should be systematic and not intuitive, including a methodical performance improvement process.
Aim of the study. In the following lines we present an efficient healthcare improvement performance model, namely ”FOCUS-PDCA”. Another tool for improving health performance is the „Medical-specific checklist”. It has an important contribution to improving health performance through standardizing the list of steps to be followed, as well as establishing the legitimate expectation that each of these steps will be followed accordingly for all patients.
Keywords: quality management, performance improvement, methodical process, “FOCUSPDCA”, Medical-specific checklist.
JEL Classification: I10, I12, I15, M16, M21, O20, O21
Introduction. Institutional Sustainability and Sustainable Development are two concepts very often used together. Their meanings are blurring and versatile.
Aim of the study. This paper aims to define each concept distinctly and to identify their similarities, if any. To achieve these objectives, I will use the method of logical definition of a concept. Firstly I will identify the sufficiency predicates for Sustainable Development. Secondly I will define the concept of Sustainability. Thirdly, I will use sufficiency attributes to define the concept of Institutional Sustainability.
Keywords: sustainability; institutional sustainability, sustainable development, relationship institutional sustainability-sustainable development
JEL Classification: F49, O43, R11
Introduction. In the general framework concerning the theory and practice of economic growth, which has practically been a concern for all countries since the post war period, the role and importance of labour resources occupy an increasingly important place, we could even say the most important place. The special concern in this problem is determined, in our opinion, by at least two circumstances: firstly, labour recruitment is the main production force of society and, therefore, the main resource of its economic potential and dynamism. Capitalizing all existing labour resources in the national economy of a country and using them as rationally as possible ensures the increase of national income and the increase of the material and cultural living standards of the people in that country; secondly, but not in terms of importance, workforce, by its nature, feels the effects of contemporary technical-scientific progress in the most direct way, which contributes to the increase, or even change, of the place and role of labour resources in the process of economic growth. Instead of the more or less traditional division of economic growth factors, where the main emphasis was on the increase of physical capital, a new division appears in which an increasingly important role is played by human capital, human resources. What makes labour resources a key factor of economic development nowadays is not only the quantitative aspect, whose role generally tends to decrease compared to the previous period, but also the qualitative aspect, from the point of view of training and professional qualification.
Aim of the study. This paper attempts to analyse the dependence of the economic growth process on the level of training and the structure and professional mobility of the workforce.
Keywords: competitive advantage, economic growth, labour resources, level of education, level of qualification, professional mobility, skilled workforce, technical progress, quality of workforce.
Introduction. In a globalized economy built on intensive consumption of natural resources and environmentally damaging actions, it is imperative to identify solutions that help to reduce pollution. In line with efforts to maximize the value of natural resources and minimize toxic materials in the environment, many countries have developed bio-economic strategies that contribute to the conversion of bio-basic raw materials to develop organic products (bio-plastic , bio-pharmaceuticals, green chemicals etc.). In Europe, there are already countries that have established bio-economic policies (Denmark, Finland, Germany, France, Scotland and the Netherlands), and an European strategy is already being discussed at EU level. Countries that are already implementing bio-economic principles are positioned as research and innovation centers for bio-products, green energy, bio-economic processes and services. In this context, bio-plastics play an important role due to their potential to contribute to improving the quality of the environment and, implicitly, the well-being of the planet’s inhabitants.
Aim of the study. The article aims to make a brief analysis of the importance and evolution of the field of bio-plastics at a globall and European level, trying to bring forth the best examples of good practice from countries that are already implementing such policies and whose economies are becoming more and more bio (green economies). In addition to being environmentally friendly, the bio-plastics sector also has an important potential to generate job growth, costs savings and natural resources etc.
Keywords: bio-economy, bio-plastics, sustainable development
JEL Classification: O1, O13, O33, O44