Browsing: Romania

Introduction. Society nowadays, with its rapid changes and unforeseen challenges, needs a(n) (inter)cultural approach. Ethnocentrism, stereotypes, and discrimination have become huge obstacles in a world shaped by technology, communication and social mobility. The world has the aspect of a ‘collage’ in which cultures are juxtaposed, being partially adapted to one another, and still unprepared for a profound dialogue. Multiculturalism presents, interprets and re-evaluates the social experience of diversity and difference.

Aim of the study. This paper will analyse the reception of the Human Body exhibition of 2013 in Romania, from a managerial point of view. The research is based on the exhibition visitors’ book, to which a content analysis was applied. The main aim of the paper is to investigate how the ‘Grigore Antipa’ Museum (Romania) constructed the cultural context in which the scientific arguments prevailed over the religious ones, turning the exhibition of plastinated human bodies into an accepted public event, with a strong emphasis on education and science (medicine). At the same time, ethical concerns and religious criticism were downplayed by maintaining the focus on the ‘education for health’ frame.
Keywords: plastination, management, museum, visitors’ book, The Human Body exhibition, Romania

Introduction. In time, management proved to be determinant for progress, including for the higher education institutions from Romania. The management in higher education institutions is grounded by the principles that govern education, among which the academic autonomy, a principle newly introduced in post-1989 Romanian legislation that gives to the academic institutions the right to manage their own human and material resources, to establish their mission and their own institutional strategy.
The manager of the academic institution is the chancellor, his responsibilities being specified both in the Law of National Education no. 1/2011 and the internal juridical documents of the higher education institutions, such as the Academic Charta.

Aim of the study. This paper aims to highlight that thechancellor carries out the management of the institution, apart from the didactic and scientific research activity, in accordance with the prerogatives conferred by the law, using his abilities of a leader in the process of academic managing.
Keywords: management, higher education institutions, academic autonomy, Romania, leadership, legislation.

Introduction. Globalization brings pressure on tourism businesses who now must develop in a more complex environment. In this framework, there is a need for a new vision, new tools for businesses to manage various aspects of the economic life.

Aim of the study. The companies must consider some changes in the way they operate, to better understand all stakeholders, the local communities and the influences from the world economy.
Keywords: tourism supply, tourism demand, business management, globalization, Romania
JEL Classification: L83, M10, Z32

Introduction. Over time, tourism sector, at the global level, has faced a number of challenges, from high gasoline prices to war and health hazards. However, tourism is a sector which always has found ways to recover from crises. But it is a sector that cannot recover as long as the whole economy does not. Romanian tourism faces many challenges related to globalisation, a phenomenon influencing most of the world countries.

Aim of the study. Sustainable tourism development requires to consider and to adapt to various factors, with influence on destinations, businesses, and visitors. Lack of coherent policies and reforms have made their mark on the efficiency, productivity, and contribution of tourism to economic development.
Keywords: risk assessment; tourism, Romania
JEL Classification: L83, Z32

Introduction. This paper aims to identify the long-run relationships between the quality of the education system, public trust in politicians, wastefulness of government spending and tax compliance in the area of individual income taxation (taxpayer’s behaviour).

Aim of the study. Using data for Romania during 2007-2017 period, the analysis identifies a long-run relationship between the variables.
Keywords: tax policy; tax behaviour; tax compliance; cointegration; unit root; stationarity; Romania
JEL Classification: H21; H26

Introduction. The paper uses the data provided by Flask Eurobarometer 354 to depict the profile of Romanians that were involved in entrepreneurship education, but also to define an index on perceived effects of education in order to link the participation to entrepreneurial programs to the decision of individuals to start-up their own business. The findings on the profile of those ever engaged in entrepreneurship education in Romania points out to the structural inequalities embedded in the Romanian educational system, but also emphasize the rapid extension of the curriculum in this direction. Education is perceived as very important in building up attitudes and knowledge that support entrepreneurial intentions.

Aim of the study. The paper aims to contribute to the better knowledge and understanding on entrepreneurship education and its role in supporting the development of entrepreneurial intentions in Romania. Analyzing the role of entrepreneurship education on influencing decision to of starting up a business is on the rise worldwide, a lot of importance being put on the importance of entrepreneurship education in supporting diversification of careers and transitions from unemployment or inactivity to self-employment. The empirical evidences for Romania, even if they are already addressed by several papers mainly focused on entrepreneurship education in universities still provide a lot of food for quantitative and qualitative analyses.
Keywords: entrepreneurship, education, drivers of entrepreneurship, Romania, quantitative analyses
JEL Classification: I25, M20, P46

Introduction. SMEs are more flexible being supportive of economic growth in local communities. The expansion of SMEs in Romania has various particularities on regional level, being identified different disparities in terms of local units’ distribution and turnover creation. Still, in order for SMEs to be able to survive, various measures need to be taken by governments and support their future expansion, considering the economic, social, cultural and political context.

Aim of the study. The aim of this paper is to analyse the impact of tourism small and medium enterprises (SMEs) on economic development. Even if, SMEs are deficient in terms of skilled labour force, and finance, they have the power to generate value added, backward and forward linkages, entrepreneurship spirit, adaptation to change, with an extreme importance in long-term development and survival on a dynamic market.
Keywords: small and medium enterprises, Romania, regional disparities, economic development, turnover
JEL Classification: L83, Z32