Introduction. Human resources are an essential component of every healthcare system. The experience, competence, and devotion of the workers responsible for providing these services are critical to the efficiency of healthcare systems. Despite recognizing the importance of workers, several countries perform ambiguous and ineffective health workforce policies and initiatives. Health workers play a critical role in promoting people-centered health systems, supporting resilient economies, and fostering sustainable development. Success in achieving these global goals depends on the efficient deployment of competent and motivated health workers where they are needed to provide a full range of quality health services in a respectful and accountable manner.
Aim of the study. The aim of this study is a spatial analysis of the number of doctors in relationship to the needs of the Romanian population. Data were collected from 42 counties and several spatial analysis tools were applied to measure the optimal distribution of medical human resources in relation to the Romanian population, for the period 2000-2021. As a result, spatial inequalities can be observed which need to be taken into account in public policy and management system optimization.