Introduction. During the time, especially in the last fifty years, leadership has increasingly become a major subject in the management literature, a subject of much thought, writing and teaching. While the importance of leadership is generally accepted all over the world, there are as many definitions of it as there are organizations. In spite of the fact that the business literature on leadership is so voluminous, there is not an agreed-upon definition of the concept of leadership. Leadership is not only intensely studied, but also practiced in different organizations. How to lead effectively an organization depends on many factors such as the organizational culture, the behavior of the followers, and the personal traits of the leader. The vast majority of successful leaders are multi-dimensional individuals.
Aim of the study. The aims of our paper are to present a short biography of Steve Jobs and to highlight his contribution to modern leadership. Our research is based on a literature review. The S. Jobs example illustrates how a transformational leader as him can be a key factor in successfully turning round the fortunes of a company as Apple. The paper facilitates a better understanding of modern leadership, emphasizing the case of S. Jobs, and provides a platform on which to build further studies on the same subject.
Keywords: leadership, Steve Jobs, leader, Apple
JEL Classification: M1, M19
Introduction. The world nowadays is different, through a series of essential steps, from the one we had been familiar with for a long time. The crisis has revealed not only the flaws within the dominant economic model, but also the flaws in our society. The workforce needs a change in the leaders’ mentality. Leadership, more than ever, implies self awareness and self-control. The people nowadays have a great need for integrity. They want to be able to trust their leaders and to enjoy their leaders’ trust. There is a need for the reconstruction of confidence.
Aim of the study. The present paper outlines a leadership alternative – the spiritual leadership, presenting this model’s advantages and principles.
Keywords: crisis, leader, leadership based on spiritual values, trust
Introduction. Any organization, irrespective of the field, needs skilled leaders who have a vision and confidence in action.The leader plays various roles and the key issue is to determine how they influence the performance of the team they coordinate.
Aim of the study. The research method used was the mathematical modeling applied to the example of a team. The aim of the research is to identify the cooperation method in order to improve workers’ performance but also to minimize the possible conflicts which can affect the level of performance. The results of this research led us to conclusions regarding the characteristics of the team leader.
Keywords: leader, organization, performance, models
JEL Classification: D23, F15
Introduction. People in general, leaders especially, are influenced by the organisational culture and the other way around. Organisational culture represents a determining factor regarding the display of leadership, since these two processes create each other, adding value and consistency to one another. Moreover, organisational culture can be created and developed in a fluctuant business environment, in which the external factors influence its progress. The development of society has incessantly been emphasized by the relationship between the sexes, by their individual evolution, but also by the interdependency between them.
Aim of the study. Considering the fact that, in the current turbulent economic environment, certain qualities such as flexibility, intuition, development of communication networks and motivating the employees represent values that are considered to be “feminine”, one can assert that, in this case, gender is an opportunity. However, if we should take into consideration the impact of culture, of certain mentalities and misconceptions that are still present, regarding the woman’s standing in society, economy and politics, we can state that gender is a discriminating factor, because there is still the tendency to consider men as being better leaders.
Keywords: leadership, leader, organisational culture, opportunity, discrimination
JEL Classification: M12, M14
Introduction. Romania lacks a ”map of the future”. This chart of the future depends just on the human factor. More specifically, on the continuous investment in the human factor. During the last 2 decades of freedom of attitude, very few positive and sustained steps have been taken through solid arguments, with clear reference points and stages that have to be followed. It is absolutely compulsory to rebuild with new tools, as a surprise for the opponents and as an optimal solution for the supporters. This would be a new, superior creation, with an invincible astonishing result. This new tool means an effort of retraining, with a view to getting better, professional skills.
Aim of the study. This study proposes a comparative analysis, 80 years later, following the physiognomy, the attitudes and examples of good practice regarding the social mechanism through which a youngster could be calibrated into a leader of his generation, as well as finding the obstacles of the present social system. Besides the historical, social and cultural perspective of this analysis, we would take into account elements of social ethology and anthropology, and the whole thing would be built and based on an analysis with a prognosis effect for the next generation, starting from the history of the last 30 years and discussing the effects this history has had upon the very present.
Keywords: leader, reconstruction, professionalization, education, values
JEL Classification: Z13, O10, A20
Introduction. Leadership has become a major topic in various domains such as sociology, political science, psychology, history, management or business for several decades and has spawned a huge number of empirical and conceptual researches. Today’s challenging and turbulent times require more than ever authentic and strong leaders both at the micro and macro level.
Aim of the study. The aims of the paper are to briefly define the concepts of leadership and leader, and to present the case of Carlos Ghosn, the chairman and chief executive officer of the Renault-Nissan Alliance. Since the beginning of his professional career, Ghosn has proved to be a leader par excellence. Our research is based on a literature review.
Keywords: leader, leadership, Carlos Ghosn, Renault-Nissan Alliance
JEL Classification: M10
Introduction. Current leadership is different from the one belonging to the last century’s society, and in the future, it will certainly be different from today. The difference is not one that relates to the philosophy and physiognomy of shape, but one that is structured on the philosophy of science dynamism and the complexity of social, economic, financial, informational and cognitive dynamics.
Aim of the study. This paper aims to highlight that in an open society, in which general management and even educational management move significantly towards complexity, leadership too will embody forms and formulas that take o leader out of traditional form of leader-hero, virile and good at everything, loved and followed, in favor of a teammate leader, a node network leader, one who will play a creative, innovative and distributive role, a cognitive and universal leader. This change of philosophy and physiognomy towards the creation of creation and innovation, towards knowing, encouraging and protecting those that step outside their limits, is what I consider as one of the fundamental characteristics of the leadership of the century that we just stepped into.
Keywords: leader, leadership; management; present, future
Introduction. Leadership is as old as human civilization. The field of leadership has burgeoned since its emergence in the last century. Leadership has become a fast-growing topic of interest for both scholars and practitioners from all over the world. On the one hand, leadership is a widespread research area. On the other hand, leadership is one of the oldest practices in human history.
Aim of the study. The aims of the paper are to define the concept of leadership from a multiple perspective and to present its main characteristics. The paper demonstrates that leadership represents a complex, context-based, multifaceted, dynamic, and even an elusive concept as there is no universal definition of leadership. Also, the paper illustrates some of the main characteristics of leadership by taking into account various perspectives, theories, and paradigms.
Keywords: leadership, leadership-as-practice, leader, paradigm, theory
JEL Classification: M1, M19
Introduction. The twenty-first-century business world requires a new leadership paradigm based on elements such as vision, extra effort, commitment and pro-action. Consequently, the leaders should be not only visionary and positive, but also charismatic and transformational. The theorization of charismatic leadership has become a challenging subject in the literature in the last decades.
Aim of the study. The goals of the paper are to define the concept of charismatic leadership and to exemplify it in the case of Jack Ma, a famous Chinese entrepreneur. The methodology was based on a quantitative research method and a case study. The paper underlines the existence of a strong relationship between the charismatic leader and his followers. Also, it identifies some of the key characteristics of a charismatic leader by analysing the case of Jack Ma.
Keywords: charismatic leadership, leader, Jack Ma, Alibaba
JEL Classification: M1, M19
Introduction. In the speciality literature, a number of studies have been written and are still written today, which show the necessity of redefining the notion of manager regarding the elements that define the leader within the organization. Over time, a series of analyzes have been put in place to determine whether a person has a leadership role following a development process or whether leadership skills are skills with which a person is born with. The concept of an efficient manager should not be confused with the concept of leader because in the case of the first concept, the attribute used to achieve the results remains the authority with which the manager is established, an attribute that the leader does not have. Leaders builds morale and improves satisfaction, by building and developing in employee’s confidence and by creating a warm and positive environment. We can observe without a doubt that successful organizations need leaders at all levels.
Aim of the study. The paper describes the concept of leadership and its influence on franchise organisations perfomance.Fun Science Romania, an international entertainment and education franchise initiated in Romania since 2005, understood the significant role of leadership especially during the financial crises of 2008. Finding the best leaders according the specific of the activity and the specific of the organization is a real challenge.
Keywords: leadership, manager, organization, leader,communicate, franchise, financial crises.