Author: Marius Savin
Introduction. Firms seeking competitive advantage therefore face a paradoxical situation. If they embrace diversity, they risk workplace conflict, and if they avoid diversity, they risk loss of competitiveness. The advantages and disadvantages associated with workforce diversity put organizations in a position of managing a paradoxical situation. To give support to this assertion, the paper considers what is meant by diversity, how it is best managed, what its relationship with creativity and innovation might be and how the problems created by the management of diversity, creativity and innovation might be resolved.
Aim of the study. This conceptual and discursive paper argues that diversity is a recognizable source of creativity and innovation that can provide a basis for competitive advantage. On the other hand, diversity is also a cause of misunderstanding, suspicion and conflict in the workplace that can result in absenteeism, poor quality, low morale and loss of competitiveness.
Keywords: management, creativity, innovation, human resource
JEL Classification: M10, M12, M54
Introduction. The appearance of the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted all the current activities of our life, from the daily activities, work, the activities we carry out for recreation, as well as those of care, medical.
Aim of the study. The aim of the paper is to review the discoveries and innovations that have occurred in the time since the pandemic of COVID19. The authors have followed those innovations that have appeared in the medical system and can help the patient in his fight against the disease as well as those innovations that significantly help prevent the spread of this dangerous, uncontrollable and treatment-resistant virus. In the literature review, the authors approached a number of thirteen works published in the literature starting with March of this year. In the future, they would like to continue this article by reviewing the literature in half a year so that we can make a comparison and draw relevant conclusions that will help us to take fair and effective measures to combat COVID-19. The result is a selection of innovations that have appeared in the world during this period.
Keywords: COVID-19, innovation, discovery, pandemic.
JEL Classification: I12, I15, I18
Introduction. Industry 4.0 is characterized by intelligent manufacturing and implementation of Cyber Physical Systems in production which refers to both the built-in sensors, the microcomputer networks and the direct connection of the machines to the value chain. Today, IoT is only a small part of the global phenomenon that can be called “The Internet of Everything”. The economic growth in our country was one of the highest in the EU since 2010, with an average rate of 3.0 percent during 2010-18. The 2018 GDP per capita is around 65 percent of the EU28 average, up from 25 percent 20 years ago. The IT&C sector is one of the growth engines of the Romanian economy. In the last years, foreign companies have opened development and support centres in Romania. Of the total workforce in Romania, 2.2% work in IT&C, generating 5.9% of GDP. Digitization generates economic growth.
Aim of the study. In this paper we describe the challenges posed by Industry 4.0 and analyse the opportunities and risks in the IT&C industry in Romania based on the information available in the specialized literature.The method used is a descriptive and quantitative one, combined with a SWOT analysis. The goal is to underline the huge possibilities that our IT&C sector has, and how it can impact our national economy given “Industry 4.0”. With a well developed IT&C sector, the cost of digitalisation can be much lower for our country compared to those that do not have such capable specialists in this field. Due to the changes brought by “Industry 4.0”, the Romanian entities need to look also at examples from other countries in the EU.
Keywords: Opportunities and risk, SWOT, IT industry, Industry 4.0
JEL Classification: M12, M14, M54
Introduction. The purpose of this paper is to present the results that can be obtained by implementing the Lean Six Sigma methodology in the health system of our country. The results are also supported by the case study regarding the implementation of Lean Six Sigma techniques in a public hospital with good performances, nationally recognized: The Municipal Emergency Hospital Moinesti. These strategies, which include Lean and Six Sigma methods, aim to implement process improvements through a set of principles and practices that promote greater efficiency and effectiveness, with fewer errors. The main motivation for the thematic research is due to the fact that the Romanian health system has notable deficiencies which, despite the many positive changes in our country in general, in the health system, in particular, the progress is expected. From previous studies in clinics in the US and Europe we have found that there is a methodology that puts patients and their needs first, by reducing and avoiding waste, as well as streamlining and organizing medical services, so that they can meet patients’ expectations.
Aim of the study. The present paper is based on both a secondary research and the actual carrying out of a case study, extended at the experiment level. The results of this paper show that the medical organization has a greater capacity to respond to challenges within the system, the use of resources has been maximized. There has been an increase in the satisfaction of the patients but also of the doctors, with the elimination or reduction of some costs. The application of the Lean Six Sigma concept in healthcare is a new topic and few researches have been carried out in this field, this work can be useful to the entities that carry out their activity in this area of utmost importance, who want to increase their level and quality. the services offered.
Keywords: Management, Lean Six Sigma, Hospital, Health.
JEL Classification: M12, M14, M54