Browsing: sustainable development

Introduction. Although, it is widely used, there is no consensus among researchers in defining the concept of sustainability The various scientific debates available in the literature consider that the concept of sustainability should be approached in an integrated manner, which involves the maintenance and the improvement of the welfare at the economic, environmental and social level, taking into account both the importance of the processes and the output of the system.

Aim of the study. The paper aims to clarify the concept of sustainability through an examination of different opinions and controversies existing in the literature regarding this concept. Also, the paper presents the concept of sustainability analyzed from the perspective of system and proposes a definition of sustainability by exposing the sufficient logical conditions for a system to be qualified as a sustainable system. Are analyzed concepts such as: logically vivid system, autopoiesis, weak sustainability, strong sustainability, sustainable development.
Keywords: system, sustainability, sustainable development, logical conditions
JEL Classification: A10, O17, P00

Introduction. The study acknowledges business environment’s role in the context of economic integration and points out to a few correlation that exist at present in the marketplace: competition, globalization, economic growth and sustainable development.

Aim of the study. This paper is focused on presenting: business environment’s role in the context of economic integration, in correlation with competition, globalization, economic growth and sustainable development, the economic integration and the role of the European Union at an international level, Europe’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and sustainable development and Europe’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) future with predictions and perspectives for 2020 and 2030.
Keywords: Europe’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), Business Environment, Economic Integration, competition, globalization, economic growth, sustainable development

Introduction. As a decisive factor in the existing economic competition in a world increasingly globalized, a market accessible through digitisation and unprecedented information speed, innovation has become the key objective that makes the difference between “to be” or “not to be” for every economic actor who aims to play a leading role on the market. Innovation has become a concept so widely spread that one cannot conceive the success of a business without this factor, whether we are talking about the innovation of a product, process or service or marketing and organization structure. Innovation has also became a key concept for public insitutions that intend to keep up with developments in technology, under the pressure from a society increasingly more connected to technology. The European Union promotes the concept of innovation at the center of the development strategy for the economic sector, thus generating the vision that governs three key tools: Research framework program, the cohesion policy and the framework program for competitiveness and innovation.

Aim of the study. In the present study we start from the definition of the concept of innovation. We approach the notion of innovative management perspective in the context of accessing European funding programs. Ultimately, the purpose of innovation management is the efficiency of innovative economic activity, i.e. in increasing productivity in balance with the principles of sustainable development. European funding programs stimulate the innovation management in entrepreneurship, public institutions andNGOs, whether we are talking about innovation in the economic field, at the level of social services or in the field of public services.
Keywords: Innovation Management, Structural funds, Absorption of European funds, Adaptation, Innovation, Research, Entrepreneurship, Innovation Firm, Innovation Processes, Invention Processes, Technological Innovation, productivity, efficiency, sustainable development, green economy, encouraging investments with innovative character.
JEL Classification: G23, Q48, O310, O32, O350, P18.

Introduction. Institutional Sustainability and Sustainable Development are two concepts very often used together. Their meanings are blurring and versatile.

Aim of the study. This paper aims to define each concept distinctly and to identify their similarities, if any. To achieve these objectives, I will use the method of logical definition of a concept. Firstly I will identify the sufficiency predicates for Sustainable Development. Secondly I will define the concept of Sustainability. Thirdly, I will use sufficiency attributes to define the concept of Institutional Sustainability.
Keywords: sustainability; institutional sustainability, sustainable development, relationship institutional sustainability-sustainable development
JEL Classification: F49, O43, R11

Introduction. In a globalized economy built on intensive consumption of natural resources and environmentally damaging actions, it is imperative to identify solutions that help to reduce pollution. In line with efforts to maximize the value of natural resources and minimize toxic materials in the environment, many countries have developed bio-economic strategies that contribute to the conversion of bio-basic raw materials to develop organic products (bio-plastic , bio-pharmaceuticals, green chemicals etc.). In Europe, there are already countries that have established bio-economic policies (Denmark, Finland, Germany, France, Scotland and the Netherlands), and an European strategy is already being discussed at EU level. Countries that are already implementing bio-economic principles are positioned as research and innovation centers for bio-products, green energy, bio-economic processes and services. In this context, bio-plastics play an important role due to their potential to contribute to improving the quality of the environment and, implicitly, the well-being of the planet’s inhabitants.

Aim of the study. The article aims to make a brief analysis of the importance and evolution of the field of bio-plastics at a globall and European level, trying to bring forth the best examples of good practice from countries that are already implementing such policies and whose economies are becoming more and more bio (green economies). In addition to being environmentally friendly, the bio-plastics sector also has an important potential to generate job growth, costs savings and natural resources etc.
Keywords: bio-economy, bio-plastics, sustainable development
JEL Classification: O1, O13, O33, O44

Introduction. Currently, the States and regions around the world face with several economic, environmental, social challenges etc. The increase in the demand for power supply, for primary resources (agriculture, forestry and fishing), for industrial products and services, sets a significant pressure on the ecosystems sustainability. One of the solutions to support the sustainable development process may be the transition towards the bio-economy, innovative sector focused on the production of biotechnologies and biomass. The bio-economy is the field comprising all economic activities related to the use of biological renewable resources.

Aim of the study. The goal of this paper is to draw the attention on the importance of bio-economy in the effectiveness of the use of natural resources and in the current context of obvious and irreversible climate changes. Moreover, lately, the concept of bio-economy gained the attention of the scientific and political environments, both in Europe and at worldwide level. We can already talk in Europe of a general transition towards the bio-economical field.
Keywords: Bio-economy, sustainable development, innovation, renewable resources management
Jel Classification: Q01, Q51, Q57