Introduction. Although, it is widely used, there is no consensus among researchers in defining the concept of sustainability The various scientific debates available in the literature consider that the concept of sustainability should be approached in an integrated manner, which involves the maintenance and the improvement of the welfare at the economic, environmental and social level, taking into account both the importance of the processes and the output of the system.
Aim of the study. The paper aims to clarify the concept of sustainability through an examination of different opinions and controversies existing in the literature regarding this concept. Also, the paper presents the concept of sustainability analyzed from the perspective of system and proposes a definition of sustainability by exposing the sufficient logical conditions for a system to be qualified as a sustainable system. Are analyzed concepts such as: logically vivid system, autopoiesis, weak sustainability, strong sustainability, sustainable development.
Keywords: system, sustainability, sustainable development, logical conditions
JEL Classification: A10, O17, P00
Introduction. Today the shifts in global economic, social, demographic and political trends will continue to put a tremendous pressure both on food supplies and on oil supplies, creating new challenges for food and oil manufacturers and consumers
Aim of the study. This paper aims to tackles the following key aspects: the economic and social perspectives of the world’s frozen food industry; the work done towards a sustainable, secure and healthy food supply; the need to ensure fair prices and a wide range of food and food access solutions; the need to implement a more environmentally sustainable, more resilient, profitable and competitive food chains; the need to deliver wholesome, healthy, safe and ethical and healthy food products; the solutions needed to support the retail frozen marketplace on long run; the need to create a balance between the costs of the retail frozen products and the prices of these products; the perspectives offered by the freezing technology and the quality of the products; the key developments to date concerning the world’s frozen food market, the countries where these types of products are mostly used and the world’s biggest frozen food producers and consumers.
Keywords: world’s frozen food market, frozen food industry, retail, foodservice, food safety and quality, freezing systems and technologies, key developments, sustainability, social responsibility opportunities, an economic and social perspective
JEL Classification: F63, I15, O00, O10, O14, Q01, Q55
Introduction. Population aging is a phenomenon that should be considered when analysing demographic development because it affects economic development as well. Therefore reforming public pensions, health and long-term care for the elderly is to be considered. The speed of this process is also important because when the share of elderly in total population increase in a short period of time, it becomes difficult for the relevant institutions to adapt rapidly.
Aim of the study. This paper emphasizes the fact that it is necessary to ensure a balanced use of principles harmonizing all factors of production in order to provide sustainable economic development based on them. In general, economic development means improving the systematic, lasting and wide mass of the material conditions of life, representing the consumption conditions: food, clothing, housing, housing facilities, transport, communications, access to services and others. Such a common approach is adequate as it correctly expresses people’s expectations, as consumers in economy. However we can define economic development as a process resulting in the systematic growth of labour productivity or – given the circumstances in which the number of employers (or job providers) increases – the increase of the number of productive jobs. This approach does not contradict the first one; on the contrary: the systematic improvement of economic living conditions is not possible without the growth of labour productivity. The advantage of the second approach is that it refers to the most important force leading to the improvement of the living conditions for people as consumers and it forces us to consider phenomena this force depends on.
Keywords: economic development, social economy, sustainability, demography.
Introduction. The advances of knowledge and science are immense, and the development based on them follows a galloping trend, even aggressive and precipitous, as a breakage of clouds. However, from the point of view of the security of systems, processes, society, economy and life, the world does not follow a straightforward, good, safe and precise direction, but a very complicated one in which the predictable, desired and calculated with rigor and precision effects are largely faded and even canceled by those that are chaotic and unpredictable.
Aim of the study. The strategic balance of mankind is a precarious one, based rather on balancing the threat than controlling it and its vulnerabilities. Of course, responsible people are aware of this dangerous trend and do their best to control it. But the chances of success in this increasingly uneven and increasingly vulnerable environment are, in turn, more and more controversial. And yet, such chances still exist.
Keywords: migration, development, war, security, sustainability
JEL Classification: Q01, O15, F220, F52, H56
Introduction. The basis of the success of the private environment and of the organizations that make up it is the organizational behavior. This is the main responsible for the failure or the success of a company or organization. In organizational behavior, the assumed values, the resources involved, the staff, the leadership, but also the external elements, but with which a direct or indirect connection is created, are still involved. The sustainability of a company or organization is given by some elements that differentiate it from the competition, the image of the waters it created on the market, but also from a reputable assumption of what it has done or is about to do in the private environment.
Aim of the study. We will not be able to talk about companies having a successful organization without knowing the results and how it has achieved. Even if the strategies and actions are left in the shadow and known only internally, ensuring only that transparency of things that will be known does not mean that those strategies and actions did not exist. Within a successful company, at their core will be some defining components and elements applied consciously, responsibly, assumed and based on sound knowledge. A proposal to achieve sustainability over time within the organization will be described throughout the paper.
Keywords: organization, sustainability, vision, dimensions of sustainability, competitive differentiation
JEL Classification: L1, L2, M1
Introduction. Institutional Sustainability and Sustainable Development are two concepts very often used together. Their meanings are blurring and versatile.
Aim of the study. This paper aims to define each concept distinctly and to identify their similarities, if any. To achieve these objectives, I will use the method of logical definition of a concept. Firstly I will identify the sufficiency predicates for Sustainable Development. Secondly I will define the concept of Sustainability. Thirdly, I will use sufficiency attributes to define the concept of Institutional Sustainability.
Keywords: sustainability; institutional sustainability, sustainable development, relationship institutional sustainability-sustainable development
JEL Classification: F49, O43, R11
Introduction. The current paper wants to showcase a study referring to the remanufactured products.
Aim of the study. In this study it is analyzed the concept of remanufactured products with a focus on consumers’ perception over this concept. In the 4th chapter of the article I presented the main results of the questionnaire which was taken with more than 50 employees of a Romanian company with a focus on Tourism domain (for the purpose of this research, the name of the company shall remain anonymous). The questionnaire had 3 important sections through which I analyzed the market for remanufactured products and the willingness of different groups of people (mainly individuals with a low income) to purchase such goods.
Keywords: remanufactured products, sustainability, Pearson Chi-Square Tests
JEL Classification: O14, L15, L63, F63, F64